WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
(WHO)

The World Health Organization (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health The WHO Constitution, which establishes the agency's governing structure and principles, states its main objective as "the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health." It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, with six semi-autonomous regional offices and 150 field offices worldwide.

 

First COVID-19 case is determined at 31 december 2019 in China Wuhan and spreaded to entire world in couple months. WHO made a statement that COVID-19 can be characterised as a “ Pandemic” at 11 March 2020, by then 607 Thousand people have lost their lives and 14,575,234 people have virüs infection. While the life is normalizing and some countries are almost take the COVID-19 under control, scientists are warning about the second wave. People think that we got over the coronavirus  since quarantines are lifted however danger is increasing day by day. World is not ready for a second wave; by economically, socially, educationally, financially and also mentally. Vaccine and treatment studies are accelerated however the problem will not be solved by finding a the treatment. It will take even more time to test, produce and distribute the treatment. Will today’s precautions be enough for the possible second wave, unfortunately not. 

The COVID-19 pandemic was confirmed to have spread to Africa on 14 February 2020. Experts have worried about COVID-19 spreading to Africa, because many of the healthcare systems on the continent are inadequate, having problems such as lack of equipment, lack of funding, insufficient training of healthcare workers, and inefficient data transmission. It was feared that the pandemic could be difficult to keep under control in Africa, and could cause huge economic problems if it spread widely. World Health Organization had stated that hand washing and physical distancing could be challenging in some places in Africa. Lockdowns may not be possible, and challenges may be exacerbated by the prevalence of diseases such as malaria, HIV, tuberculosis, and cholera. Even in the best scenario, the United Nations says 74 million test kits and 30,000 ventilators will be needed by the continent's 1.3 billion people in 2020.Fight against Coronavirus is even harder in the African Region.

This committee is suitable for both beginner and intermediate delegates.

Agenda Item: Preventing the Second COVID-19 Wave in the African Region

Under-Secretary-General: Zeynep Ağca