The United Nations Climate Change Conferences are yearly conferences held in the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). They serve as the formal meeting of the UNFCCC Parties (Conference of the Parties, COP) to assess progress in dealing with climate change, and beginning in the mid-1990s, to negotiate the Kyoto Protocol to establish legally binding obligations for developed countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.The first UN Climate Change Conference was held in 1995 in Berlin. UN Climate Conferences are held by the attendance of presidents of the 196 country’s. 

In 2015  United Nations Climate Change Conference (COP21) was held in Paris, France. The conference negotiated the Paris Agreement, a global agreement on the reduction of climate change. On 12 December 2015, the participating 196 countries agreed, by consensus, to the final global pact, the Paris Agreement, to reduce emissions as part of the method for reducing greenhouse gas. In the 12-page document, the members agreed to reduce their carbon output "as soon as possible" and to do their best to keep global warming "to well below 2 degrees C". The agreement calls for zero net anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions to be reached during the second half of the 21st century. 

Since the lack of enforcement mechanisms and non-binding commitments some countries did not acted upon the treaty which puts the all citizens life in danger and there is still eight countries who did not ratified the treaty. Moreover United States of America declared their withdrawal from the Paris Agreement.

The 2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP26, is the 26th United Nations Climate Change conference. It is scheduled to be held in Glasgow, Scotland from 1 to 12 November 2021 under the presidency of the UK Government, with assistance from the Scottish Government.

Participants will represent an attending country as their president and discuss upon US’s withdrawal, possible enforcement mechanisms, importance of the Paris Agreement and getting the treaty signed by the eight country who is not signed it yet.

This committee is suitable for Intermediate and Advanced delegates.

Agenda Item: Open Agenda

Under-Secretary-General: Ceylin KIZILKAYA